Understanding The Basics Of Real Estate Ownership In India

by Godrej Properties Limited



Information That Is Necessary For Indian Real Estate Ownership

Anyone looking to navigate the Indian real estate market must understand real estate ownership in India. However, the Indian real estate industry is distinguished by complex legal requirements, governing structures, and market dynamics that necessitate thorough comprehension. People may make wise judgments, reduce risks, and maximise the potential advantages of property ownership by understanding the foundations of real estate ownership in India.

1. Types of Real Estate Ownership

There are two types of real estate ownership: freehold and leasehold. In a freehold ownership situation, a person has total control over the building and the land on which it is built. Whereas in leasehold, the leaseholder is responsible for paying reoccurring lease rent to the owner of the land and property, typically a governmental agency.

2. Property Registration

Every transaction related to real estate in India must be registered to demonstrate legal ownership. Documenting the property's specifications, the identities of the buyer and seller, and the transaction's value are all part of the registration procedure. The neighbourhood Sub-Registrar Office is where the property is registered.

3. Title Verification

Conducting a careful title search before purchasing is essential to ensure the property is free from legal challenges. A search for the property at the Registrar's Office is required as part of this procedure, checking previous ownership records and getting an encumbrance certificate.

4. Stamp Duty and Registration Fees

Buyers must pay the stamp duty and registration fees when registering a property. A state-level tax known as stamp duty is levied on the transaction's or the property's market value, whichever is higher. There are registration fees for registering a trade with the appropriate government agencies.

5. Property Taxes

Property owners must pay property taxes to the local municipal government in India. Variables, including property size, location, and use, frequently determine the tax burden. 

6. Real Estate Regulation & Development Act (RERA)

An essential law in India called RERA attempts to safeguard homeowners' interests and advance openness in real estate. It requires the registration of real estate projects and agents, lays up rules for the prompt completion of projects, and creates procedures for handling complaints.

Final Thoughts

Individuals can start down the path to successful property ownership by preparing themselves with a fundamental understanding of real estate ownership in India. Note that different Indian states may have other real estate laws. Speaking with a local real estate specialist or legal expert is advised for information about a particular place or situation.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can I verify the ownership of a property in India?

Ans: Conduct a thorough title verification by examining past ownership records, obtaining an Encumbrance Certificate, and conducting a search at the Registrar's office.

2. How are property taxes calculated in India?

Ans: The local municipal authority annually determines the amount of property taxes to be paid depending on the property’s size, location, and use.

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