Jun 30, 2023

Types of Houses in Real Estate

by Godrej Properties Limited



India is home to a plethora of housing types characterised by variations based on geographical location, climate, building materials, architectural influences, lifestyle choices, and the economic status of its residents. The country's architectural panorama encompasses various types of houses, shaped by changing trends, cultural dynamics, and evolving societal needs. 

The post presents different types of houses that can be found throughout India.


The Common Structural Types of Homes


● RK or Studio Room

Of different houses in India, one is RK or room-kitchen. It is a compact studio apartment primarily found in metro cities. This studio-type house combines the bedroom and living area into a single space, making it a practical choice for students and working individuals seeking efficiency in their living arrangements.

● Flats or Apartments

With the scarcity of land, India has witnessed a rise in vertical housing developments, particularly in metros and cities. Although there are different types of homes for property buyers, apartments, offering essential amenities, have become the preferred choice for urban dwellers. Ranging from 1 to 3 BHK or larger, developers also provide additional modern amenities. Affordable for the middle-class and upper-middle-class, apartments dominate the housing market in Indian cities.

● Villas

Villas are one of the most luxurious types of houses in India. They represent luxury and come equipped with top-notch amenities. These spacious residences feature expansive areas, including lawns, backyards, and various facilities. While fostering a sense of community like apartment buildings, villas offer owners the privacy of a standalone house. They are preferred by those seeking an independent living unit without the hassle of building a home. Gated communities on the outskirts of cities provide ample space for constructing villas, often accompanied by recreational amenities such as clubhouses, swimming pools, and theatres.

● Penthouses

A penthouse, situated on the top floor of an upscale building, epitomises luxury and prestige in India. These exclusive residences boast lavish features not found in other apartments, offering abundant natural light, ventilation, and panoramic views. Despite being part of multi-residential complexes, penthouses provide a sense of independence akin to villas and bungalows. They often span multiple levels, catering to joint families, and showcase higher ceilings, unique layouts, and opulent amenities such as personal terraces and private elevators.

● Bungalows

Bungalows, known for their spacious verandas, low-pitched roofs, and single or one-and-a-half-story designs, offer a distinct housing option. Surrounded by gardens and parking areas, bungalows provide privacy by standing apart from other types of houses. Expensive compared to flats, they occupy more living space on a single level. In India, bungalows come in various traditional and contemporary styles. Amid the pandemic, bungalows gained popularity as they offer outdoor spaces for enjoyment. Additionally, their well-designed layout often integrates indoor and outdoor areas, taking advantage of India's tropical climate.


Condominiums have gained popularity in select Indian cities. These housing units exist within a building complex, with numerous individually owned apartments. This type of house can be managed either by individual owners or by a homeowners' association, often with the support of a property management firm. While each unit is individually owned, common areas are collectively owned. This arrangement permits shared use of gardens, terraces, and amenities. Owners are responsible for their taxes, mortgage, and property maintenance and repairs.

● Duplex Houses

Of different types of houses in India, a duplex house consists of two residential units stacked vertically, with a kitchen and shared area. The units are connected by a staircase and can be customized by builders to meet buyers' preferences. Combining the style of an independent house with the advantages of an apartment, duplex houses are well-suited for joint families seeking both communal living and individual privacy.


Popular Architectural Styles of Homes

Over time, traditional Indian houses have evolved to suit local climate, topography, and cultural preferences. Built with locally available materials and employing indigenous construction techniques, these houses showcase distinct features. Most traditional houses have an internal courtyard, providing ample natural light and ventilation.

Examples include Kerala's nalukettu and ettukkettu, Karnataka's guttu houses, Rajasthan's havelis, Gujarat's bhungas, Bengal's bungalows, and Assam's chang ghar. Each design reflects regional craftsmanship and architectural influences. These traditional houses embrace sustainability, adaptability to extreme climates, and cultural significance, showcasing the rich diversity of Indian architectural heritage.

Now that you know how many types of houses are there, you can easily check out and differentiate between different houses in real estate.



What are the 4 types of real estate?

The four types of real estate in India include residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural properties.

How many types of houses are there?

There are numerous types of houses, including studio rooms, bungalows, apartments, villas, duplexes, and more.

What are the three main types of houses?

It’s all about individual preferences and tastes. You can use the aforementioned list to understand and differentiate between different types of houses.

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