Aug 24, 2023

Land Measurement Units South India: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh & Telangana

by Godrej Properties Limited



The geographical area of South India is vast and varies from one state to another. Each state in the region, including Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana, follows unique measurement systems. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to the diverse land measurement units in South India, making it easier for buyers, sellers, and investors to navigate the real estate market.

Kerala Land Measurement Units

The data concerning Kerala land measurement units is highly fragmented. The state of Kerala shares its borders with Karnataka to the North and Northeastern region, while its western frontier is defined by the Lakshadweep Sea. To the south and east, it is bordered by Tamil Nadu. The commonly used unit for land measurement in Kerala is the "Cent," which generally refers to 435.6 square feet of land. Ankanam is another traditional unit used in some regions of Kerala. 

Tamil Nadu Land Measurement Units

The presence of global electronic and software companies is contributing to the rising popularity of cities in Tamil Nadu. Chennai and Coimbatore, in particular, serve as hubs for commercial activity and real estate development. 

Apart from the internationally accepted units, the most commonly used local units of  land measurement in Tamil Nadu are the "ground" and the "cent." In Tamil Nadu, 1 Ground of land refers to 2,400 square feet, while 1 Cent is equivalent to 435.6 square feet.

Karnataka Land Measurement Units

Karnataka is a state known for being the biggest IT hub in India. Though Karnataka houses several large corporations, a significant portion of its population is still engaged in agriculture. 

Land measurement in Karnataka uses units like Cent, Guntha, and Ankanam. One Cent is equivalent to 435.6 square feet, 1 Gunta is 1,089 square feet, and 1 Ankanam is 72 square feet of land.

Andhra Pradesh & Telangana Land Measurement Units

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana share similar land measurement units. The three local measurement units are Guntha, Kuncha, and Ankanam. In this context, 1 Ankanam is commonly referred to as 72 square feet, Kuncha or Kuncham as 484 square feet, and 1 Guntha is equivalent to 1089 square feet.

Conclusion: Decoding Land Measurement Units for Smooth Real Estate Transactions

Understanding the various land measurement units used in each state is essential for navigating South India's real estate market. Whether it's buying a plot, selling farmland, or investing in commercial property, knowing the right land measurement unit is indispensable for making informed decisions and securing successful real estate ventures.


Q: What is the significance of the ground unit in Tamil Nadu?

A: The ground unit is commonly used to measure land in urban areas of Tamil Nadu. It equals 2,400 square feet or 1/4th of the ground.

Q: How does one convert ankanam to square yards in Kerala?

A: To convert ankanam to square yards, multiply the number of ankanams by 36.

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