Jun 10, 2023Home Ally

Knowing Your Rights as a Homebuyer: Essential Checklist for First-Time Homebuyers in India

by Godrej Properties Limited



Understanding the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA)

  1. Research RERA: Familiarise yourself with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) and its role in regulating the real estate sector. RERA ensures transparency, accountability, and protection for homebuyers.
  2. Verify RERA Registration: Before purchasing a property, ensure that the project and the developer are registered under RERA. This registration provides assurance of the project's legitimacy and compliance with regulatory guidelines.

Preparing Legal Documentation

  1. Title Verification: Conduct a thorough title verification to confirm the property's ownership and ensure there are no legal disputes or encumbrances.
  2. Sale Agreement: Review the sale agreement carefully, ensuring that it includes all the necessary clauses, terms, and conditions that protect your interests as a buyer.
  3. Completion Certificate: Ensure that the developer provides a completion certificate issued by the relevant authority, indicating that the building complies with the approved plans and quality standards.

Transparency in Pricing and Payment

  1. Transparent Pricing: The developer should provide transparent pricing for the property, including the cost of the unit, parking, and common facilities. Be cautious of any hidden charges or undisclosed costs.
  2. Payment Schedule: Obtain a clear payment schedule that outlines the instalment dates, amounts, and any associated penalties for delayed payments.
  3. Escrow Account: Check if the developer maintains an escrow account, as required by RERA, where the funds collected from buyers are deposited and used only for the specific project.

Possession and Quality Assurance

  1. Possession Date: Ensure that the sale agreement specifies a clear possession date. In case of any delays, the agreement should include provisions for compensation or alternative arrangements.
  2. Quality Standards: Verify that the construction adheres to the specified quality standards and is in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.

Grievance Redressal Mechanism

  1. Customer Grievance Cell: Check if the developer has a dedicated customer grievance cell to address any concerns or complaints during the construction and possession stages.
  2. RERA Complaint Filing: Familiarise yourself with the process of filing a complaint with the RERA authority in case of any disputes or violations of your rights as a homebuyer.


Being aware of your rights as a first-time homebuyer in India is crucial to protect your interests and ensure a smooth home buying journey. The checklist provided in this article highlights key areas where you should focus your attention, such as RERA regulations, legal documentation, transparent pricing, possession and quality assurance, and grievance redress mechanisms. By understanding and exercising your rights, you can make well-informed decisions and navigate the home-buying process with confidence.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are there any additional costs I should be aware of apart from the property price? 

Ans: Yes, apart from the property price, there may be additional costs.

2. ​Can I cancel the booking and get a refund if I change my mind? 

Ans: The sale agreement should specify the cancellation and refund terms. Generally, there may be provisions for cancellation within a specific period, but it may involve forfeiture of a certain amount. 

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