Aug 18, 2023

Unraveling Land Measurement Units in Western India: Insights

by Godrej Properties Limited



The vibrant and diverse landscapes of Western India not only echo with cultural heritage but also showcase an array of land measurement units. These unique units, deeply entrenched in historical context and regional nuances, have greatly influenced land dealings, farming traditions, and administrative affairs. In this insightful piece, we will immerse ourselves in the intriguing realm of land measurement units in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and neighboring states of the West. Join us as we unravel the historical tapestry that continues to shape land practices in this dynamic region.

Land Measurement Units In West India

The states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and other regions in Western India boast an array of traditional land measurement systems. Some of the prominent land measurement units in West India include:


Commonly used in Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat, the Bigha varies in size from region to region. In Rajasthan, it is equivalent to approximately 27,225 square feet, whereas in Gujarat, it measures around 12,000 square feet.


Widely used in Maharashtra, one Guntha is equivalent to about 1,089 square feet. It is commonly used for measuring smaller land parcels, especially in urban and suburban areas.


Predominantly found in Rajasthan, one Marla is equivalent to approximately 272.25 square feet. It is often used to measure residential properties and smaller agricultural lands.


Although not unique to West India, the acre is still widely used in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Gujarat for more extensive land measurements. The area of 43,560 square feet makes up one acre.

Standard Land Measurement Units

To bring uniformity and simplify land transactions and administrative processes, some Western Indian states have adopted standard measurement units. The Indian government, in collaboration with the respective state governments, has introduced standardized systems such as:


One hectare equals 2.47 acres, which is increasingly used in official land records and agricultural planning.

Square Meter

Used worldwide, the square meter has also found its way into Indian land measurement practices, particularly in urban areas and large-scale developments.

Square Kilometre

The square kilometer is the preferred unit for measuring vast stretches of land, especially in the context of urban planning and infrastructure projects.

Conclusion: Understanding Crucial Land Measurement Units

From the Bigha of Rajasthan to the Guntha of Maharashtra, land measurement units in West India have been an integral part of the region's socio-economic fabric. While traditional units continue to hold relevance in local transactions, the adoption of standard measurement units brings much-needed uniformity to land records and administration.


Q: Are the land measurement units consistent across all Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Gujarat regions?

A: While there are similarities in some land measurement units, the specific size and names of units may vary from one region to another within the states. 

Q: Why are standard land measurement units increasingly adopted in West India?

A: Standard land measurement units, such as hectares and square meters, offer uniformity and compatibility with international standards.

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